Categorized | Pregnancy Articles

Normal Delivery or C-section

With advances of science the question of deciding the mode of delivery i.e. choosing between Normal Delivery and C-section crops up in the life of every expecting mother. With both having its pros and cons the decision can be tough to make. But for most of the women choosing the mode of delivery is not in their hands. Due to complications many a time women who want a normal delivery need to undergo a caesarean. Most of the times doctors advice you to go for a normal delivery which seems to be a safe method of delivery practiced for ages. But in case of complication the same can be dangerous.

Let’s take a look at the pros and cons of the both the methods for you to have a clearer view –

Normal Delivery –

•    Babies born through normal delivery are always healthier as compared to babies that are surgically born. This is due to the fact that they are born naturally, in the way birth should take place and they attain the necessary period of gestation.

•    As recorded medically delivered babies are born before maturity and before the labour can start. Studies show that catecholamine which holds a greater part of the hormones necessary for the baby’s survival is found in children born through normal delivery. This is secreted from mother to child in larger amounts during childbirth making is possible for the baby to survive outside the womb.

•    Vaginally born babies have stronger lungs with the ability to hold and carry oxygen to the body tissues. They are not required to be kept in intensive care units due to any respiratory problems. As they are healthy when born with no requirement for incubation they enjoy early contact with their mothers after birth.

•    Vaginal Birth has another advantage to it. The mother and the child get to leave for home earlier than a surgical delivery. In a surgical delivery the mother and the baby may have to wait in the hospital for a few more days due to various newborn problems. This is not the case with normal delivery.

•    During labour the production of epinephrine is triggered. This substance clears fluid from lungs and decreases the risk of persistent pulmonary hypertension, in which organs are deprived of oxygen.

•    Also infants born through normal birth are less prone to suffer from a health condition called transient tachypnea of the neonate (TTN), as the pressure faced by the child while passing through the birth canal causes the excess fluid to squeeze out from the baby’s lungs.

Cons –
A few disadvantages of normal delivery have come to light but are still debatable like –

•    The child may suffer distress and oxygen deprivation in case the labour fails to progress. There are also chances of physical trauma while passing through the birth canal.

•    Many women worry about the pelvic floor damage that could be caused by normal delivery. This can lead to urinary and faecal incontinence and sexual dysfunction. However the relation between vaginal birth and long-term or later incontinence is still unclear as many women who haven’t given birth vaginally develop incontinence.

C-Section –

Pros –
•    This method negates the pain you face during a normal delivery. Labour pains tend to extend over a long period of time that can be extremely painful and difficult for a woman to bear. Of course C-section has its quota of pain to deal with like the abdominal surgery you need to overcome, but the pain is manageable after a few days in most cases. Also with a vaginal delivery you do not know how long you would suffer with the pain, but with a C section you know the amount and duration of pain. More over C-section eliminates Post delivery issues like hemorrhoids etc.

•    A long labour can cause a number of risks for the baby like fetal distress or oxygen deprivation. In cases where the child is larger than expected a normal delivery will cause a lot of complication for the mother and the child. Through a C section the child does not need to risk injury while passing through the birth canal.

•    Also if you have planned to have a C section you get the chance to decide the date at which your baby will arrive. This is safer than having a C section done in case of an emergency.

Cons –

•    The major risks included in a C section for the mother are infection, blood loss, blood clots, a longer recovery period, rehospitalisation and the possibility of damage to internal organs such as the bladder. Also the duration taken by the incision to heal will cause problems for the woman to get back to normal life. The incision site causes longer-term trouble for some women if not done properly. It can lead to not healing properly and needing to be reopened.

•    Women who have delivered their first baby through a caesarean are at an increased risk of complication during the second delivery. The risks are mostly related to the placenta. Also the risks rise with each additional c-section. Also you are more on the verge to go into labour before your scheduled c-section increasing risks involved in VBAC like uterine rupture at the old scar site.

However, the decision you take for the delivery of your baby needs to be made after discussing with your doctor and considering your situation.